Barro Colorado Island

 

Barro Colorado Island is located in the Atlantic watershed of the Gatun Lake (Panama Canal). This area includes Barro Colorado Island (approximately 1564 hectares) and five peninsulas that surround it, for a total of 5364 hectares. The island is situated in Lake Gatun and is 145 m above sea level at its highest point. In the Holdridge system, the forest is classified as lowland tropical rainforest. Barro Colorado Island was declared a biological reserve in 1923 and has been administrated by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute since 1946. The five peninsulas were included after the signing of the 1977 treaties